India is a large country with the mighty Himalayas sweeping the entire
north while at the south lies the Indian ocean. The country is bordered by
Pakistan in the north-west, China, Nepal and Bhutan towards the north and
Burma and Bangladesh towards the east. The approximate area covered by the
Indian subcontinent is a massive 3,287,000 sq. km., making it the seventh
largest country in the world.
Climatic conditions along various regions in the country differ a great
deal, however, the country witnesses three basic seasons, summers, winters
and monsoon. Summer season generally lasts from March till June while the
monsoon season kicks off around mid June and lasts till mid September.
Winter season starts during mid October and continues till the end of
Passport & Visa
Each traveller to India must possess a valid passport at the time of
arrival that would remain valid for a period of six months after the
completion of the trip to India. All foreign nationals also require a visa
to travel to India.
Airports in India do not permit passengers to be met by outsiders inside
secured passenger areas. While on high security, outsiders are sometimes not
even allowed to enter the building. The passengers are required to fill a
currency declaration form on arrival in India.
Airport departure taxes are levied at different levels, which may or may
not be included in the cost of your ticket. The charges for neighbouring
countries are currently Rs. 150 while those for international travel are Rs.
500, which are subject to change anytime without notice. At certain points
in the airport, the travellers may be required to personally identify their
The electricity is 220 volts AC. The size of sockets vary, therefore, it is
advised to carry along a universal adapter.
The baggage limits are followed strictly, both on international as well as
domestic flights. The domestic airlines have more restrictive limits of
baggage as compared to the international carriers. As of now, the baggage
limit on domestic flights is 30 kgs for those traveling in economy class and
40 kgs for those in business class. In case of small planes flying to
neighbouring countries, the baggage limit may vary between 15 to 20 kgs.
The baggage which exceeds the limit may be subject to excess freight
charges while these may also be refused, depending on the policies of the
airlines company. The checked baggage should have your personal information
including the address and phone number of your permanent residence. It is
advised that you do not pack valuables such as jewellery or cameras in the
Tipping is not essential in India and there are no fixed rates for the
same. Therefore, you may or may not tip a person. If at all you want to tip
and are not sure about the amount, it is worthwhile to ask yourself a
question as to how much the person in question did to make your travel
Trained tourist guides are available at all the major monuments who charge
you a fixed pre-decided amount. There are English speaking guides as well as
those who are fluent in other languages such as French, Spanish, Russian,
Italian, German and Japanese. Unauthorised guides are not allowed inside
these places, therefore, it is advisable that the tourists ask for a
certificate from the guide, which is normally issued by the tourist
department of India.
Paintings, sculptures and other rare works of art which have been in
existence for more that 100 years are not allowed to be exported out of the
country. Manuscripts such as scientific and historical documents which have
been in existence for over 75 years are not allowed to be exported out of
The Indian rupee is the official currency of India. One rupee is divided
into 100 paise. While there are no limits of currency that a traveller can
bring into the country, travellers with more than US $5000 in cash or US
$10,000 as traveler's cheque are required to make a declaration of the
currency. Credit and debit cards are accepted at all the major restaurants,
shopping complexes etc. It is advised that the travellers change money only
at banks and hotels authorised to do so and keep the receipt safely for